Arnold, Henry Harley
Born on June 25, 1886 in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania
Educated at the U.S. Military Academy, graduated in class of 1907
In June of 1911, became one of our earliest military aviators
- For pioneering flights he received:
- the first military aviator badge,
- the Aero Club of America's Aviator certificate no. 29
- the Aero Club of America's Aviator expert aviator certificate no. 4.
- the first MacKay Trophy.
- Experimented with directing artillery fire from the air by radio.
- Promoted such innovations as the aerial forest patrol and in-flight refueling.
- Personally organized and led a flight of ten Martin B-10 bombers on a historic flight to Alaska in 1934.
- Became Chief of the Army Air Corps in 1938 and as commanding general, he led his world-wide Army Air forces (he was Commanding General of the Allied Air Forces) to final victory during World War II through the first and total utilization of strategic air power.
- After retiring in 1946, he was honored by being appointed the first five-star General of the U.S. Air Force.
Source: National Aviation Hall of Fame.